Definitions

Basting: the method of attaching a quilt top, batting and quilt backing together in a quilt sandwich form to secure it before being quilted

Batting: the fluffy stuff between the quilt top & backing; comes in many thicknesses and materials (cotton, polyester, wool, bamboo, blends)

Bias: when fabric is cut across the weave it stretches and is called “on the bias,” usually on a diagonal of 30 degrees or more

Binding: the edge on a quilt that finishes it and collects all the stray bits inside, see photoIMG_3613

Concentric Circle quilting: quilting in continuous circles gradually enlarging from a center point; see this post of an example: Touching Points Quilt

Contest Entries: something I entered or plan to enter in a contest, done mostly to expand my skills and force me to try something new

Cross Hatch quilting: quilted in a criss-cross style, see photo or Quilted Heart Hot PadsIMG_3597

Feed dogs: the little “teeth” underneath the machine foot that move the fabric through at the correct speed

Flimsy: a quilt top only – not quilted or bound

Fussy Cutting: cutting a piece of fabric to specifically have an image in the center, many examples in all the Patchwork City QAL posts: Patchwork City QAL: Carpool BlockPatchwork City QAL – Zoo Train block and more

Improv: a modern quilting technique with no pattern or instructions, sometimes wonky in design, shares some style with Gees Bend quilts from the past; see the border of this for examples: Yellow Flower Improv, a Row by Row

Large Size: bigger that 48″x48,” a throw size, twin, queen or larger

Mini Charm: a set of 2 1/2″ x 2 1/2″ squares, all from the same fabric line or shades of solids

Mini Size: no bigger than 7″ x 7″ – like a hot pad size

Nesting Seams: when 2 seams are joined with another 2 seams and they were ironed in opposite directions to “lock” together

On Point: a quilt block or quilt that is set “on point” – on diagonal, see the cross hatch photo – the block is on point

Paper Piecing: using paper to sew the fabric onto to make precise, perfect points, see the How To: Paper Piecing post

QAL: Quilt Along – joining with other to quilt or piece a block at the same time, like a modern day quilt bee but across the internet

Quilt sandwich: bottom layer – quilt backing, right side down; middle layer is batting; top layer is the quilt top or flimsy, right side up – this is made in preparation to quilt or tie

Row by Row: an annual shop hop that is international, each shop designs a row pattern that needs to be picked up “in shop”; every year has a theme and begins on June 21 until Labor Day/Halloween, there are swap groups on Facebook to join to trade or purchase rows

Sashing: the strips between blocks

Selvage: the edges of the fabric that has a different weave, thicker and does not stretch the same, it is often not printed on

Small Size: no bigger than 1,200 square inches (about 35″x35″) – wall hanging size or baby quilt

Square Up: using a ruler to make the block “square” – not in reference to the shape but the angles (90 degree corners) and cutting off extras

Stitch in the Ditch Quilting: quilting that is done “in the ditch” or hidden between the pieced seams; see this post for details: How to: Stitch in the Ditch Quilting

Strip Piecing or Chain Piecing: sewing strip after strip continuously, then cutting and pressing after (see photo, many are overlapped)Delectable Flowers step 3

Template: using a shape to cut multiple items in the same shape; could be made of plastic, cardboard, freezer paper or more

Variegated Thread: thread (or yarn) that changes color or shades of a color throughout the strand.

WOF: width of fabric, measured from selvage to selvage